Glaucoma Symptoms – Tips and Tricks
Glaucoma, like a lot of eye diseases, is caused by increased intraocular pressure (IOP). In an interesting twist of fate, as glaucoma symptoms develop, so does the eyeball’s IOP – and if the eyeball’s IOP rises above 120mmHg, then it becomes irreversible.
Relevant to this, the retina undergoes an inflammatory response as the ocular pressure increases, causing cellular damage that makes the blood vessels weaker and the nerve cells damaged. This in turn restricts the movement of the retina and the optic nerve, leading to loss of vision. It may also lead to a narrowing of the visual field and a decline in the central vision.
For the patient, this can be a difficult time since he or she is unable to detect the onset of glaucoma, because he or she would only realize it if the disease was already very advanced. At the same time, the symptoms of glaucoma are similar to those of other diseases, and therefore it is difficult to determine the condition accurately. However, it is clear that there are general symptoms for glaucoma, which include problems with vision, discomfort during daytime, headache, and vision loss.
Glaucoma may also cause vision loss in the patient’s close relatives. In addition, the eyes may become red and watery, leading to discomfort during daylight hours, increased pressure in the eyes and vision problems.
With the early detection of glaucoma, it is possible to use treatments that are available, but it is also known that the earlier the symptoms are recognized, the more favorable the outcome is for the patient. Because the symptoms of glaucoma vary greatly, the health care provider may begin treatments at different stages of the disease. This is particularly important in the early stages of the disease, when the symptoms are the most likely to worsen.
When a doctor examines the patient’s eyes, he or she may find that the eyes are not as dilated as they should be. Also, the patient may notice a decreased number of blood vessels and sensory nerve cells. If there is no glaucoma, this may be a telltale sign that the eyes may also be having some other disease, which will eventually require treatment.
However, it may be the case that the eyes are just too bad to see, and that no treatment is necessary, leaving the patient without a visible vision problem or that of a reduced visual field. The visual field of the eye may appear to be normal, but the retina is experiencing increased intraocular pressure, and some damage is being caused by the inflammation and other processes that occur as a result of the eye’s higher intraocular pressure.
Even though it is clear that no natural treatment exists, it is still important to begin treatment right away. Treatments do exist, and treatment options vary depending on the patient’s symptoms. The most effective of these treatments are eye drops and medications, both of which slow down the progression of the disease.
In most cases, the eyes are examined using an ophthalmoscope to assess for a wide range of eye problems, including headaches, peripheral vision problems, retinal inflammation, and high intraocular pressure. In these cases, the patient may opt for eye drops to be taken once a day. These drugs reduce the intraocular pressure, which prevents any further damage from occurring.
Some patients may be at a higher risk for developing glaucoma, and this means that the doctor applies a high intraocular pressure flurodesim to help decrease the amount of intraocular pressure inside the eye. Although these eye surgeries are rare, there is evidence that the risks are very small and the benefits highly advantageous.
However, treatment for glaucoma can be combined with a healthy diet and regular exercise, which are also proving to prevent the progression of glaucoma. This can be a treatment option for many people, and not just for the people who have developed the disease as a result of having a higher intraocular pressure.
Because the ophthalmniopic geniculo-cleritis often appears later in the progression of glaucoma symptoms, the disease itself may never be detected. Thus, a person may start treating his or her glaucoma symptoms without knowing it, until the damage has been done.