Causes of Dandruff
Dandruff is a form of scalp inflammation. It is marked by thick flaky scalp and itchiness. Usually dandruff is noticed in the newborns and babies, but it can also occur in adults. Mild cases of dandruff are not a cause for alarm.
If you have already tried using shampoos or lotions to treat dandruff, then you probably have a mild or severe case of dandruff. Sometimes it is difficult to determine which products work and which do not. Here are some tips that will help you identify the right products for treating your dandruff.
Do not use shampoo with special hair care products on dandruff. Shampoos with strong chemicals can damage the scalp and lead to skin problems like scalp infections. Using harsh shampoo on dandruff can even damage the hair follicles and cause premature thinning of the hair. It is best to opt for mild shampoos that have natural ingredients and can be used on any type of scalp.
When looking for mild dandruff treatments, choose products that contain natural ingredients. Ingredients like aloe vera, chamomile, bergamot, lavender, Rosemary, neem, sandalwood, and eucalyptus are good examples of natural ingredients. They have soothing and relaxing properties. The scalp also benefits from them as they can reduce itchiness and redness.
Organic and natural oils such as Castor oil and grapeseed oil can treat dandruff effectively. These oils contain many moisturizing properties that can protect the scalp. They can also improve the appearance of the hair and can control dandruff.
Make sure that the shampoo you choose is alcohol-free. Many commercial shampoos contain alcohol, which can worsen the symptoms of dandruff. Alcohol can cause itchiness and dryness of the scalp.
Itching and scaling of the scalp are usually the first signs of dandruff. The scalp may become extremely itchy, giving a very uncomfortable feeling. You may notice small circular spots of redness and possibly small pimples or lesions on the scalp. These spots may eventually turn into rashes.
Since dandruff is caused by many factors, there are no known root causes of this problem. However, the most common cause is overproduction of sebum. Sebum is the naturally occurring oil produced by the scalp.
Sebum is a product of anaerobic bacteria. An anaerobic bacterium is one that does not live in the presence of oxygen. When it comes in contact with oxygen, an anaerobic bacterium develops a metabolic reaction to produce sebum. This leads to the formation of yellow to brown flakes.
The constant dampness of the scalp may also trigger anaerobic reactions. When you use products that dry the scalp excessively, dandruff can appear because the fungus that causes dandruff is weakened. Try to limit drying of the scalp when you have an active dandruff condition. Moisturizing can help you prevent the appearance of dandruff.
In a dehydrated scalp, the hair becomes brittle and breaking can lead to serious conditions such as split ends and cracked hair. Always moisturize your scalp if you have dry scalp. To maintain healthy scalp, avoid products that contain harsh ingredients like alcohol, ammonia, harsh detergents, or chemicals.
Severe cases of dandruff can be treated with certain herbs and home remedies. However, if you have a mild case of dandruff, you can use commercially available shampoos and lotions that contain ingredients that are found in many of the most popular shampoo and lotion brands.